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Author Topic: Tickford Ford Capri  (Read 12489 times)

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Offline Tony

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Tickford Ford Capri
« on: September 05, 2006, 13:41:50 PM »

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The story of the Tickford Capri is a strange and interesting one. Like the earlier German Zakspeed Turbo, the Tickford Capri represented a concerted attempt by Ford to "go beyond" the normal Capri Injection. Also, like the German car, it lost its way when its supporters lost their power inside Ford. Nonetheless, it must surely represent the ultimate evolution of the Capri, the fastest, most luxurious and best handling Capri you could buy from a Ford dealer.

This is where the Tickford differs from all other customised Capri's, the Tickford was at the very least a semi-official Ford product. The car had a defined mechanical and trim specification as well as being fully type-approved and available through the UK Ford dealer network. The car was very different from any other Capri, being essentially handbuilt. It could have been a huge sales success in different circumstances, with a lower price and stronger marketing support. Early optimistic projections talked of "around 300" cars being made, in reality only around 100 cars were built. The story of the Tickford is one of "if only".

Tickford began as a small company called Salmon and Son that built up a coach building operation in the 1820s, based in Tickford Street in Newport Pagnell. In the early 1900s the company progressed into developing coachbuilt cars and prospered. "Tickford", as it is now known, was eventually bought by David Brown, Aston Martin's owner. He moved Aston Martin onto the site at Tickford Street where it still remains today and let the Tickford name slide into oblivion.

After several unsuccessful projects, including Lancia's and Metro's, Tickford realised that the next one would have to be a more expensive vehicle. It would have to be a car that Tickford could re-engineer for more performance and luxury. Such cars that could be modified ideally needed to have an Aston-type flavour that could be built upon. This meant a muscular coupe with rear drive. The Capri Injection was an obvious choice that would potentially generate higher profits from a limited volume than the cheaper MG Metro conversion.

The first car was BHK 573X and appears to have been SVEs development hack, it was probably one of the earliest Capri Injections and may have been the car that was used to test the five speed gearbox. The vehicle log for the black car contained several entries by Rod Mansfield (Head of Ford SVE), unfortunately this car was stolen some years later and was never retrieved. The car had a Tickford turbo engine, the rear spoiler and some minor trim items from the Tickford Capri but was far from being a complete Tickford Capri. The second car handed over by Ford was a white car that was used for trim development and contained all the exterior bodykit and interior trim. This car allegedly ended its days in a crash test needed to gain type-approval. A third car was the first definitive Tickford Capri prototype. This represented the car in near-production form and was the car shown at the 1982 British Motor Show.

The engine was developed by Astons engine development team. They had been tinkering with various turbocharged Aston V8s for some time and thought that they would be able to develop a sophisticated turbo V6 Capri engine. Amazingly, the team initially worked around a turbocharged version of the engine fitted with a carburettor. Whilst a carburettored engine is easier to turbocharge and the Zakspeed Turbo already existed, removing the injection system from the Injection seemed crazy in marketing terms. Thankfully the Zakspeed Turbo engine would not fit right hand drive and the team realised that a carburettored version really was not the answer. They also decided that the engine would have to have an intercooler in the interests of engine longevity and power, as well as the Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection system. The engine was certainly an attractive installation but the Tickfords Achilles Heel was that it was designed by a team who knew only how to design, with few constraints on cost. They used equal length manifold pipes, mounting the turbo right at the front of the engine. Here it certainly looked neat and attractive, with the Japanese IHI turbo prominently on view. The team took the view that this installation would reduce lag by keeping the exhaust pulses equal and keeping the turbo cool.
The problem was that it didn't work very well, the car suffered from fairly awful turbo lag. It appears that the Aston theory of keeping the exhaust pulses equal from the engine was fine. However, by mounting the turbo so far away from the engine itself these theoretical advantages were partially eliminated. The Tickford theory was that the equal length manifold pipes would keep the pulses of gas as close together timewise to smooth response. The problem was that these long, equal length, pipes simply served to slow down the gasses by the time that they reached the turbo. These "pulses" are the effects of the engine exhausting the gas at the end of each exhaust stroke of each cylinder. A four cylinder engine would have fewer pulses (and being more rough in the frequency of gasses reaching the turbo) than an eight cylinder engine. Keeping the exhaust pulses equally timed would be a nice refinement but less necessary on a six cylinder engine where the exhaust pulses are more frequent than a 'four.

Nonetheless, the results of producing the rather expensive Tickford engine were impressive. Bearing in mind that all the internal components such as pistons and crank were standard, the output of 205bhp promised thrills and spills for new owners. More impressive still was the torque output of 262lbft at just 3,500 rpm. These figures beat the Turbo Technics version which had only 200bhp and 247lbft of torque at a higher 3,800rpm but it should be noted that the TT did not have the terrible lag of the Tickford.

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« Last Edit: January 05, 2012, 14:00:28 PM by Dave »

the 24v xr4i auto-0 to 60 in 6.71 secs


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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #1 on: September 05, 2006, 22:00:55 PM »
Great waggon but they overheat badly!  All the parts were numbered apparently for each car and from what I hear they have all been swapped round to such an extent that no one car has all its original numbered bits but an amalgamation of tickford bits.

Offline Mikey J

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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #2 on: September 05, 2006, 23:06:00 PM »
Would have been better to fit a TT rover v8 and do the job properly.


Offline Zackspeed280

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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #3 on: May 03, 2007, 10:11:36 AM »
I've got an original body kit waiting for my red 2.8i special and an impressive copy of the centre consol with decent (real and curved) wood.  Rather than the original 2.8i interior or re-trim that some of them had I have a spare Brooklands 280 full leather interior for it.  As for the engine - who knows, can't replicate the original so will either go 2.9 Twin Turbo or a variation on the 24V (not supercharged as the 280 will be that one!)
But its a long way down the project line! Can't afford the real one or to make a real one 'right' for me so I'll build a replica.  The rear wing is a lovely piece of work compared to most fibreglass capri rear wings.
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Offline TwinTurbo

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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #4 on: May 03, 2007, 14:21:16 PM »
Keep seeing Capris at the moment,

Saw 2 in 2 days!

One looked very sweat, I did wonder if it was a tickford but looking at the rear spoiler in the picture above I am not sure now.

It may just have had a very well fitted KAT kit.



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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #5 on: May 05, 2007, 23:23:27 PM »
i have noticed that spotting a capri is a bit like lookin for a four leaf clover !(don't know were that came from i'm not irish !)

Offline Wardy

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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #6 on: May 08, 2007, 13:28:05 PM »
The Tickford body kit was a work of art in term sof airflow.  Sadly the front grill block a lot of air going to the cooling pack.  I'm sure a standard grill and some more modern fans would solve that problem.

I believe about 15 of the Tickfords never got turbos too.
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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #7 on: June 30, 2007, 01:50:01 AM »
Tickford took a number of capris (2.8i's ) and never did any conversion work with them or if they did nothing much - but the logbooks have Tickford on them - haev seen the od one or two over the years at shows


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Re: Tickford Ford Capri
« Reply #8 on: September 22, 2007, 08:56:18 AM »
The Tickford body kit was a work of art in terms of airflow.  Sadly the front grill block a lot of air going to the cooling pack.  I'm sure a standard grill and some more modern fans would solve that problem.

The standard grill is totally inefficient at higher speeds so it would probably make things worse. The  development car had an aluminium duct pop riveted to the inside of the original front valance. This duct was finally passed, built into the fibreglass front valance. This modification improved the airflow which was now ducted upwards towards the radiator along with the oil cooler, intercooler with the added benefit of proving some additional cooling for the front mounted turbocharger.
I think that some of the cooling problems that occur on the cars nowadays stem from the fact that Tickford did a modification to the standard water pump to improve cooling. Not many people know about this and put a standard water pump on not realising the importance of this mod. There was an electic fan fitted but the positioning of the temperature controlled "Otter" switch meant that it got the worst of the road dirt and water ingress, so it just stopped working.



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